It’s estimated that at least 40 million adults in the USA deal with different types of depression. Though, less than 40% of sufferers receiving treatment.
How can you determine if what you’re feeling is depression? What are the types of depression disorders?
Keep reading to see what the different kinds of depression there and are and look for signs you are depressed.
1. Persistent Depressive Disorder
People with persistent depressive disorder, also known as PDD. They can present as a constant, low, depressive state. PDD waxes and wanes in intensity.
PDD shows itself in children and teens when irritability or depression continues for more than a year. This can be difficult to determine because part of being a teen is budding independence.
Nonetheless, it’s important to monitor whether it’s normal personal growth or abnormal irritability.
PDD symptoms include too much or too little sleep, low energy and fatigue, poor self-esteem, indecisiveness and lack of concentration, overeating or eating too little, and hopelessness.
Treatment includes medication and psychotherapy
2. Bipolar Depression
This type of depression, also called bipolar disorder, gets a lot of attention socially. It’s often misunderstood and confused with other forms of depression.
Diagnosis for men and women is equal in number. Men tend to be more manic while women are more depressive. Without treatment, this form of depression tends to worsen.
Treatment includes mood stabilizers, talk therapy, and antipsychotic medicines.
3. Major Depressive Disorder
MDD or major depressive disorder is a very common and serious form of depression, also known as clinical depression. Under the APA’s criteria, someone must have had five symptoms for at least two weeks.
Feelings of sadness, emptiness, guilt, hopelessness, lack of appetite, or interest in enjoyable activities, changes in sleep habits, and suicidal thoughts are the major symptoms associated with MDD.
Atypical and melancholic depression are two subtypes of MDD. Atypical depression manifests often as being emotionally reactive and anxious, with a lot of sleeping and eating. Melancholic depression manifests with trouble sleeping and bouts of thoughts of shame and guilt that can’t be quieted.
Atypical depression occurs mostly in youths, while melancholic depression occurs mostly in seniors.
Fortunately, treatment for MDD is well understood and the disorder is highly treatable. Wellbutrin XL is a frequent prescription for treating many forms of depression, including MDD.
There’s a problem though: the retail price is nearly $2000 for only 30 tablets in the USA.
This is important, due to the size of the problem of depression in the, especially MDD. MDD is said to be the form of depression manifesting in over 16 million Americans per year. That’s 40% of the total population with depression!
Explained: The Different Types of Depression
These are only three of several types of depression afflicting the world, not just the USA.
To compound the problem, doctors and scientists are still trying to figure out all the mechanisms that factor into them. This is only the tip of the iceberg presented here. But it should cover many of the common and misunderstood forms of depression we often encounter.
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